How to Roast Coffee Beans
CHOOSE HIGH QUALITY BEANS — FOR A PERFECT ROAST AND AN AWESOME CUP!
- Why spend more for high quality beans? * High quality beans offer better flavor, and a more enjoyable cup.
- Why are high quality beans more expensive? * Many reasons, starting with paying the farmer more for great job!
- Is it easy for the farmer to produce outstanding beans? * Farmers face many challenges growing specialty coffee.
- Is growing the coffee all there is to it? * The drying method is perhaps as important to cup flavor as growing it.
- What is the drying method? * This is the manner in which the beans are dried to a stable shipping 10.5% moisture.
- What are the differences? * In short: washed, semi-washed, black honey, honey process, and natural processing.
- Are the beans sorted? * Our coffees are sorted/graded at the mill according to lot & by their country’s regulations.
- How do I get the best prices on specialty coffee? * Order wholesale fine coffee beans at www.smokinbeans.com
ROASTING TIPS — HOW TO MANAGE A PERFECT ROAST—OF GREAT COFFEE BEANS
- What will I need? * You will need a strong heat source capable of achieving around 400*F bean temp in 7-15 min.
- How do I start? * Measure out some beans, add them to your hot & ready heat source, start your timer or software.
- How do I monitor the roast? * There are numerous software, apps, and probes available to help with roast profiling.
- What is best to do early in the roast? * The first couple minutes the beans will need a high burner setting.
- How do I approach the remaining roast? * For greatest sweetness and flavor you want a steady climb to drop temp.
- What are sensory milestones? * The first sensory milestone is drying, beans smell like hay and dried grass.
- What is the yellowing phase? * Yellowing happens when beans no longer have green characteristics only yellow.
- Is this important? * Most roasters mark yellowing on their time chart for reference of early roast development.
- Does the smell change at yellowing? * Yes beans begin to have a wonderful sweet baking bread smell at this time.
- What is browning stage? * The beans begin to turn color from yellow to light brown to progressively darker brown.
- What is First Crack? * First Crack sounds like popcorn popping and starts shortly after beans begin browning stage.
- How long is First Crack? * First Crack usually lasts for around 15-45 seconds depending on your heat curve.
- When can I pull the roast? * Anytime after first crack the roast can be stopped & beans can be used to brew coffee.
- When is a Light Roast pulled? * Many light roasts are pulled around 30 seconds or so after first crack ends.
- When is a Medium Roast pulled? * Medium roasts usually pulled about a minute to 30 seconds before 2nd crack.
- What is Second Crack? * Second crack is more popping sounds like the first crack usually lasting 30 seconds.
- When is it a Dark Roast? * Many specialty roasters contend anytime after 2nd crack beans are the dark roast realm.
- What do I do when I pull the roast? * Cool the beans as quickly as possible to room temperature to stop cooking.
- Can I grind and brew immediately? * Yes once beans have cooled they are ready to grind and brew!
FOR MORE COFFEE ADVENTURES! VISIT – WWW.SMOKINBEANS.COM – WHOLESALE!